Most American Christians Do Not Believe that Satan Exists

Does Satan really exist?
Is the Holy Spirit a living force?
Is spiritual warfare real?

These are among the questions recently asked by researchers at the Barna Group. They surveyed over 1,800 American adults who described themselves as Christians. I wouldn’t call the results of that study surprising. But I do find them alarming.

• 40% of Christians strongly agreed that Satan “ is not a living being but is a symbol for evil.” An additional 19% agreed somewhat with that perspective.
• 38% strongly agreed and 20% agreed somewhat that the Holy Spirit is “a symbol of God’s power or presence but is not a living entity.” Just one-third of Christians disagreed that the Holy Spirit is not a living force.
• Even so, two out of every three Christians agreed that a person can be under the influence of spiritual forces such as demons or evil spirits.

George Barna offers this assessment of the study, “ Most Americans, even those who say they are Christian, have doubts about the intrusion of the supernatural into the natural world. Hollywood has made evil accessible and tame, making Satan and demons less worrisome than the Bible suggests they really are. It’s hard for achievement-driven, self-reliant, independent people to believe that their lives can be impacted by unseen forces” (

Our very own mini-survey also revealed some confusion in this area. While most of you seem to have a better grip on what the Bible says about Satan/spiritual warfare than those surveyed by Barna, many of you admitted that you weren’t sure what you believed and a few of you clearly have ideas about Satan that are contrary to what we are told in the Word.

These results make me want to sound the warning sirens.

“Danger! You have been deceived! Immediately take shelter in the Truth of God’s Word!”

Using the Bible as our guide, let’s tackle these topics one at a time. First, we need to lay the foundation by identifying the Truth about who or what Satan really is.

Nancy and Dannah offer a clear description of Satan in “Lies Young Women Believe.”

“Satan was a beautiful archangel—one of the chief angels—who was kicked out of heaven for aspiring to be like God. The prophet Ezekiel gives us a vivid description that most Bible scholars agree refers to Satan. He writes that originally Satan was:

‘the model of perfection’
‘full of wisdom’
‘perfect in beauty’
the ‘guardian cherub’

But, then records Ezekiel, Satan became:

‘filled with violence’
‘proud on account of your beauty’
‘corrupted’ in ‘ wisdom’ (Ezekiel 28:12-17).

As a result of his arrogance and rebellion, God cast him out of heaven.

Satan thought he could make himself ‘like the Most High’ (Isaiah 14:14). But he is nothing like God. For starters, Satan had a beginning, and one day there will be and end to his reign over this world when he’ll be thrown into ‘the lake of fire’ and tormented forever and ever (Revelation 10:10). God has no beginning, and His reign will never end” (Lies Young Women Believe, 60).

The Bible also tells us that Satan:

Poses as an angel of light (2 Corinthians 11:14)
Is the Father of Lies (John 8:44)
Is our Enemy (1 Peter 5:8)
Is the tempter (Matthew 4:1)
Is the prince of this world ( John 12:31)
Will ultimately be defeated by Christ (Revelation 12:9)

What’s the bottom line? Satan is not a Hollywood bad guy. He isn’t just a symbol of all that is wrong in the world either. He is very real. He is actively seeking to destroy what God has created. But we have been promised victory over him through Jesus, our rescuer and redeemer!

Understanding who he is and how he works is critical. Deception in this area can get us in big trouble. I think that is plenty to chew on for now. We will pick up this conversation soon. In the meantime, I’d love to hear what you think. Who is Satan? What role does he play in your everyday life?

About Author

Erin Davis is an author, blogger, and speaker who loves to see women of all ages run to the deep well of God’s Word. She is the author of many books and Bible studies including: 7 Feasts, Connected, Beautiful Encounters, and the My Name Is Erin series. She serves on the ministry team of Revive Our Hearts. When she’s not writing, you can find Erin chasing chickens and children on her small farm in the Midwest.

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